Pius V…

…judges Francis’ idea on matrimony

  • The missionaries attempted to make the natives feel that the yolk of Christ is easy and light

Because the motive through which that part of the world was granted since the beginning to your ancestors, was so that those who had not yet received the faith in Christ, in virtue of the laudable government of those who should direct them as also due to the good examples of those who should bring them to the Christian doctrine, feeling that the yolk of Christ is easy and light and not being oppressed by those who should care for them and nourish them, as though they were tender plants in the vineyard of the Lord, and even inflame and augment in them love for the Christian religion. Your Majesty may be certain that, by the propagation of religion, your kingdom shall, in these regions, through divine goodness and favor, also be consolidated and augmented, and will prepare for itself, through the merits obtained together with those peoples and before religion, a reward not only in this life as also in the other. (Pius V. Letter Cum oporteat nos to King Phillip II, August 17, 1568)

…judges Francis’ idea on the Church’s fault for the Anglican schism

  • She has followed and embraced the errors of the heretics, and oppressed the followers of the Catholic faith

Prohibiting with a strong hand the use of the true religion, which after its earlier overthrow by Henry VIII (a deserter therefrom) Mary, the lawful queen of famous memory [Elizabeth I], had with the help of this See restored, she has followed and embraced the errors of the heretics. She has removed the royal Council, composed of the nobility of England, and has filled it with obscure men, being heretics; oppressed the followers of the Catholic faith; instituted false preachers and ministers of impiety; abolished the sacrifice of the mass, prayers, fasts, choice of meats, celibacy, and Catholic ceremonies; and has ordered that books of manifestly heretical content be propounded to the whole realm and that impious rites and institutions after the rule of Calvin, entertained and observed by herself, be also observed by her subjects. She has dared to eject bishops, rectors of churches and other Catholic priests from their churches and benefices, to bestow these and other things ecclesiastical upon heretics, and to determine spiritual causes. (Saint Pius V. Bull Regnans in Excelsis, no. 2, February 28, 1576)

  • She has forbidden the prelates, clergy and people to acknowledge the Church of Rome and has imposed penalties and punishments on those who would not agree to this

She has forbidden the prelates, clergy and people to acknowledge the Church of Rome or obey its precepts and canonical sanctions; has forced most of them to come to terms with her wicked laws, to abjure the authority and obedience of the pope of Rome, and to accept her, on oath, as their only lady in matters temporal and spiritual; has imposed penalties and punishments on those who would not agree to this and has exacted then of those who persevered in the unity of the faith and the aforesaid obedience; has thrown the Catholic prelates and parsons into prison where many, worn out by long languishing and sorrow, have miserably ended their lives. (Pius V. Bull Regnans in Excelsis, no. 2, February 28, 1576)

…judges Francis’ idea that the Pope should not judge

  •  The nefarious crime against nature

If someone commits the nefarious crime against nature, for which the divine anger condemned the children of iniquity, he should be given over to the secular authorities to be punished according to the law, and if he is a cleric, no matter what his position, he shall be degraded and subjected to analogous punishment. (Saint Pius V. Constitution Cum Primum, Bullarium romanum, April 1, 1566)

  • The crime which caused the destruction of the corrupted cities

That horrible crime, which caused the destruction of the cities corrupted by the conflagration of the tremendous justice of God, marks us with bitter sorrow and gravely wounds our soul, bringing us to repress it with the greatest possible zeal. […] All and any priests, be they regular or secular clerics, of whatever degree or dignity, by this present canonical authority, we deprive of all clerical privileges, all positions, dignities and ecclesiastical benefits. And degraded by this Ecclesiastical Tribune, be given over to the power of the secular State to be submitted to the due punishments, for they shall be returned to the lay state. (Saint Pius V. Constitution Horrendum illud scelus 3, Against any clerics, secular or regular, condemned of nefarious crimes, August 30, 1568, Bullarium Romanum, p. 267)

… judges Francis’ ideas on the evangelization of the Americas

  • Be attentive to redirect this people to pacific customs and civilized ways of life

We also desire that you be attentive, as much as you are able, to redirect this people, and above all those who with the help of the Lord were received into the Christian faith, from the habits of a savage life to more pacific customs and civilized ways of life, as well as persuading them that by abandoning that inept nudity of the body, which they claim to be accustomed to, they assume clothes appropriate to Christian modesty and civilized customs. (Pius V. Letter Etsi fratenitas tuam to the Bishop of Salvador – Brazil)

  • By the propagation of religion, your kingdom shall also be consolidated and augmented – and will be rewarded in this life and the next

Because the motive through which that part of the world was granted since the beginning to your ancestors, was so that those who had not yet received the faith in Christ, in virtue of the laudable government of those who should direct them as also due to the good examples of those who should bring them to the Christian doctrine, feeling that the yolk of Christ is easy and light and not being oppressed by those who should care for them and nourish them, as though they were tender plants in the vineyard of the Lord, and even inflame and augment in them love for the Christian religion. Your Majesty may be certain that, by the propagation of religion, your kingdom shall, in these regions, through divine goodness and favor, also be consolidated and augmented, and will prepare for itself, through the merits obtained together with those peoples and before religion, a reward not only in this life as also in the other. (Pius V. Letter Cum oporteat nos to King Phillip II, August 17, 1568)

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